“Classical Greek” refers mainly to the Greek dialect spoken in Athens in the fifth and fourth centuries BCE (Attic Greek). As such, Classical Greek was the language of the first great democratic state; eventually, it became the standard dialect that was read and studied for more than a thousand years down through the era of the Roman and Byzantine empires. After the Classical period, the Greek language continued to evolve, forming a standard common dialect (Koine Greek) that was used throughout the Hellenistic world of the eastern Mediterranean and beyond. This was the dialect used by the writers of the New Testament to make it accessible to the widest literate audience. The modern Greek language is its descendant, though greatly changed after more than a thousand years of linguistic development.
Degree Types: Minor
About the Program
You might like this program if…
- You hope to analyze some of the world’s greatest classical texts in their original language.
- You want to pursue a career or engage in graduate studies in fields such as archaeology, theater, philosophy, literature, religious studies, law, and more.
- You are interested in gaining further insight into the societies.
Have questions about this program?
Future students, contact Chantel Harley.
Current students, contact your academic adviser.
This program is housed in the Department of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies
at Penn State University Park.